Once upon a time Mayan Civilization flourished in the Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. This valley is famous for its blue water sink holes called cenotes leading to underground caves. These cenotes were eventually formed by asteroid hitting the earth and bringing an end to the era of dinosaur.
Maya People Believe To Connect To The Xilbalba Or World of Dead Through Sink Hole ( Cenotes) And Underground Caves
Maya people had a believe that through these deep caves and sink holes a living person can enter into the world of dead or Xilbaba. It was the cenotes that were generally critical to the old Maya religion, for through these underground sinkholes came life just as death. The Yucatan region was devoid of any river or lakes on land to sustain a civilization. But the underground caves were connected by gigantic river systems and streams on which Maya people used to thrive. The Peninsula is comprised of limestone, which after some time dissolves and makes the ground breakdown into the water-filled cavern beneath. These are sinkholes or cenotes and it is this wellspring of groundwater that empowered the individuals of the Yucatan to prosper into Mayan civilization and played a significant role in their survival.
These sink holes became scared place of worship. The Chichen Itza, the well known Mayan pyramid sanctuary, was based upon a huge cenote. They accepted that Kukulkan, the Mayan feathered snake divinity grew inside these caves and became so big to break through the ground and flew over to sun.
The temple of Chichen Itza became a place of offering to god. Evidences of sacrifices are found in these sink holes including human sacrifice.When the cenote underneath the Pyramid of Kukulkan was dug, an entire way of artifact was found including wooden items (protected by the water), apparatuses or tools, and icons or idols just as huge choice of jewelry and valuable metals, for example, gold, silver, copper, and the majority of all, jade. A great deal of the items seem to have been purposefully broken before being tossed into the caves, maybe proposing a 'sacrificing' of the article that should have been relinquished to the divine forces of death. Unearthings have likewise uncovered numerous human bones that show wounds demonstrating human sacrifice. The dead bodies are of men, ladies, and kids, were found out of which younger males were mostly victimized.
Religious Believe of Maya People
To respect Kukulkan, the Maya assembled the structurally bewildering Pyramid of Kukulkan (called El Castillo by the Spanish conquistadors). The pyramid was worked to line up with the Mayan schedule, an accomplishment that reflects propelled information on science and crystal gazing. Two times per year, the sun sparkles perfectly on the sanctuary with the goal that the means structure the shadow a mammoth snake. This is Kukulkan who can be seen, through the span of around 45 minutes, dropping starting from the heavens, the bisecting flight of stairs, and into the earth beneath. There he will rejoin his brethren in Xibalba.The Maya accepted that the illustrious court of Xibalba facilitated 12 divinities, the Lords of Xibalba. The top of the pantheon is Hun-Came (“One Death”) trailed by Vucub-Came (“Seven Death). The staying ten Lords are evil spirits that each standard over a specific type of human anguish. As indicated by the Maya mythos, these evil spirits frequently cooperated two by two. There was Xiquiripat (“Flying Scab”) and Cuchumaquic (“Gathered Blood”) who attempted to harm individuals’ blood. There was Ahalpuh (“Pus Demon”) and Ahalgana (“Jaundice Demon”) who made bodies swell and decay. There was Chamiabac (“Bone Staff”) and Chamiaholom (“Skull Staff”), who gradually striped the substance from the dead to transform them into skeletons. There was Ahalmez (“Sweepings Demon”) and Ahaltocob (“Stabbing Demon”), who were accepted to cover up in the unswept regions of an individual’s home and cut them to death. Lastly there was Xic (“Wing”) and Patan (“Packstrap”), who made individuals hack up blood and endure while strolling on a street. Notwithstanding the 12 Lords of Xibalba, there were various inhabitants there who fallen under the territory of a Lord and some of the time were obliged to come back to the outside of the Earth to enable the Lords to do their deceit and languishing.