Stone spheres of Diquis region of Costa Rica; which is in southern part facing pacific ocean is an ancient engineering marvel of the past. It is still; an question how ancient builders achieved this kind precision? Were their tools much more advanced? Was technology then was much more advanced? How these were the part of our Ancient Civilization????? Surely an unanswered question of ancient lost technology!!!
During 1930 to 1940 while clearing out the forest group of researchers found these stones, which has baffled archeologist and scientist till date. There are around 300 stones studied in this area. Which weigh around 15 to 16 tons. These stones date back from 300 AD to 1500 AD.
THE MOST RECENT DISCOVERY UNEARTH A PERFECTLY SPHERICAL BALL WHICH REMAIN GROUNDED INSIDE THE EARTH
How Does The Stone Spheres Are An Excellent Engineering Marvel of Ancient Civilization?
There has been lot of research done on how ancient builders were able to obtain such precision to attain a perfect spherical shape. Though most of stone are not perfectly spherical but nearly 96% spherical. These rocks are made of hard igneous rock such as gabbro,andesite and granodiorite or sedimentary stones such as limestone and sandstone. But mostly are made of granodiorite and gabbro.
The conspiracy theory states these were made by extraterrestrial. But a brief scientific analysis proves its excellent engineering.
These rocks are said to be heated at very high temperature and then cooled down. This method was used to break the outer coating of the hard rock. Then smaller stone tools were used to shape it to spherical form by hammering. In fact lot of tools and raw material were discovered at the foothill of Cordillera Costena. To further polish the outer surface, sand or leather was used.
The Chorotega Indians are frequently refered to as making the stone spheres, yet they lived further north from where the balls were found. We don’t know precisely who made these globes of rock, however it appears to be likely it was the predecessors the individuals who lived in the locale at the hour of the Spanish victory in the sixteenth century. They would have communicated in the Chibchan language (Unlike the Chorotega who spoke Oto-Manguean) and would have lived in scattered settlements comprising of under 2000 individuals. They would have made their living by chasing, fishing and cultivating. They most likely raised such plants as beans, squash, papaya, pineapple, and avocado.
How old the spheres?
Since rock isn't living material it can't be dated by utilizing a radiocarbon test. Be that as it may, it is conceivable to date protests discovered covered around a portion of the stones. This is normally earthenware. Certain styles of stoneware were known to be utilized during explicit periods.
This proof recommends that the stone spheres may have been made as right on time as 200 BC as far as possible up to when the Spanish showed up in the sixteenth century, a scope of 1800 years.
While this is in all likelihood set of dates, it is conceivable that at any rate now and again the stones were made before, at that point moved, or reshaped sometime in the not too distant future which was then related the earthenware style of that period.
What Was The Purpose Of The Stone Spheres?
Presumably the most difficult question to answer the purpose of tge stone spheres. Given that we have no set of good evidence; from the way of life that made them, the most ideal approach to sort out their motivation is perceive how they are situated according to one another and other archeological ancient rarities like structures and dividers.
Nonetheless, a large portion of the balls have been moved from their unique destinations now and there are barely any, records about precisely where they were found.
There are a few reports proposing that gatherings of the spheres were found in mathematical game plans like lines, triangles and parallelograms. In any case, since they are not, at this point in these positions it is inconceivable can’t affirm these records or make new estimations. These information, nonetheless, have prompted theory that they may have been utilized as compasses, or to mention galactic objective facts.
Another hypothesis is that the balls were utilized as superficial points of interest. As per John Hoopes, of the University of Kansas, who visited the stones with an end goal to have them ensured as an Unesco World Heritage Site, “the making and moving of the balls was most likely a significant social movement, maybe more significant than ownership of the completed item… We accept that the balls may have sat before the places of prominent individuals or tribal chief, maybe as a showcase of authority or intensity, of elusive status, or of authority over work.” There are records demonstrating that a few spheres were found on the highest points of hills which may approve the possibility that they were to be shown as images of extraordinary status.
Another Theory suggest they were used as astronomical units. They represent heavenly bodies such as planets, sun and moon and were also used for rituals. But since there is no such records of the purpose, till date its not sure why these were made.
Myths Associated With The Stone Spheres
Various legends encompass the stones, for example, they came from Atlantis, or that they were made as such ordinarily. Some nearby legends express that the local occupants approached a mixture ready to mellow the stone. Limestone, for instance, can be broken up by acidic arrangements acquired from plants. Examination drove by Joseph Davidovits of the Geopolymer Institute in France has been offered on the side of this hypothesis. However, the greater part of the spheres were made from gabbro, a corrosive safe molten rock.
In the cosmogony of the Bribri, which is shared by the Cabecares and other American tribal gatherings, the stone spheres are “Tara’s gun balls”. Tara or Tlatchque, the divine force of thunder, utilized a monster blowpipe to shoot the balls at the Serkes, lords of winds and typhoons, to drive them out of these terrains.
It has been asserted that the spheres are great, or close to consummate in roundness, albeit a few spheres are known to shift more than 5 centimeters (2.0 in) in distance across. Additionally, the stones have been harmed and disintegrated throughout the long term, thus it is difficult to know precisely their unique shape. An audit of how the stones were estimated by Lothrop uncovers that cases of exactness are because of misinterpretations of the techniques utilized in their estimation. Despite the fact that Lothrop distributed tables of ball breadths with figures to three decimal places, these figures were really midpoints of estimations taken with tapes that were not even close to that exact.
PRE Columbian History
The stones are accepted to have been first made around the year 600, with most dating to after 1000 yet before the Spanish triumph. The solitary technique accessible for dating the cut stones is stratigraphy, yet most stones are not, at this point in their unique areas. The way of life of the individuals who made them vanished after the Spanish conquest
Why Many Of the Stones Are Moved Or Destroyed?
The spheres were found during the 1930s as the United Fruit Company was clearing the wilderness for banana plantations. Workmen pushed them aside with tractors and weighty hardware, harming a few spheres. Also, roused by accounts of concealed gold, laborers started to penetrate openings into the spheres and blow them open with sticks of explosive. A few of the spheres were demolished before specialists mediated. A portion of the dynamited spheres have been reassembled and are at present in plain view at the National Museum of Costa Rica in San José. The assortment at the National Museum of Costa Rica is comprised of six of the spheres. A ton of the spheres likewise wound up as yard enrichments for some Tico residents.