Konark Temple was built in 13th century BCE by King Narshimadev 1 of Eastern Ganga Dynasty between 1238 to 1250 CE. Currently it is situated on archaic city of Puri, Orissa, India. It was built at the bank of chandrabhaga sea but in due course of time the sea recided back. Its not just an architectural marvel but it is associated with many legends, stories and unexplainable concept of engineering. This temple was built to worship Sun God( Surya). The architecture is built as a chariot driven by 7 horses.
According to numerous sacred writings,literature and mythology from Hinduism, the Sun God ‘Surya’ is depicted as riding a chariot of 7 horses.
That is actually how Sun temple in Konark had been built. Implicit the thirteenth century, Konark temple is an excellent example of ancient Kalinga style engineering and architecture.
The chariot has got intricate carvings, it has 12 wheels and 7 horses. All of the structure is cut out of single stone. While archeologist claim it is only a few remain of the original structure.
Researchers who studied about Konark temple accepts that the 7 horses represent to 7 days in a week and 24 wheels as 24 fortnights or 24 ‘paksha’ in a year. (Hindu schedule utilizes the Sanskrit word “paksha”, which means one portion of a lunar month, which is somewhere in the range of 14 and 15 sun based or solar days.)
Konark Sun temple represent to the progression of time through its design and architecture.
How Does The Temple Represent As A Clock Of Ancient People?
Utilizing the sun’s shadow to estimate the exact time is a very old method used during ancient times. Thousands of years back, even before Christ, the Egyptians and Babylonians utilized sundials. Additionally, the world’s biggest sundial otherwise known as clock which was worked during the mid eighteenth century can be found in Jaipur, India at Jantar Mantar Jaipur.
So it shouldn’t be an astonishment to realize that Konark temple also worked in the principal of sundial. Yet, in contrast to most different sundials, the one at Konark is a vertical one, which represent our modern day clock.
How Time Is Calculated By The Wheels?
We realize that Sun moves from East to West.So when the Sun ascends toward the beginning of the day, the sun will be on the correct side making a shadow at the spot set apart as 06.
As the sun makes a trip from east to west and arrives at the top during early afternoon, the sun projects a shadow at the spot set apart as 12.
Before dinnertime, when sun is going to set, the shadow will be at the spot set apart as 18.
Subsequently the wheel shows time much the same as a clock, unexpectedly the lone distinction is that the hour hand goes in the ‘anti clock’ direction!
How Through Wheels We can calculate Minutes and Second Also?
The wheel is partitioned into 8 sections utilizing significant spokes which shows the time 3, 6, 9 and so on This implies each part speaks to advanced likeness 3 hours.
These 8 sections are again isolated into equal parts making a segment of 1.5 hours. In the event that you zoom in and look cautiously, you will discover the beads, one of the numerous better subtleties cut onto the wheels.
There are 30 beads between each major and mior spokes which implies the 1.5 hours(90 minutes) are additionally separated into 30 sections. So each beads speaks to 3 minutes. At the point when you look considerably more cautiously, you can see the beads are not round, but rather somewhat stretched along the edges. This shape makes 3 areas. Shadow can fall on the focal point of the beads or on either sides of it. This sign assist us with isolating 3 minutes of the beads further into single minutes! Consequently we can figure time precisely to the moment!
Even at night the wheels act as a moon dial
Decoding The Mystery of Konark Sundial and Moondial
We all know that Earth rotates on its own axis, and spins in a circular circle or orbit around the Sun. Sun additionally revolve on its own axis. So to make an ideal sundial one needs to get in excess of a couple of things right and needs a cosmic measure of information in Astronomy. Since we can accurately accept that every day of the year, sun rays may be falling on a particular spot at a somewhat extraordinary point, we can likewise expect that it is presumably conceivable to discover and check those focuses at a specific spot by understanding the directions of that place and numerous different things.
But our ancient engineers and architect has such meaningful insight of astronomy, science and architecture to create such a magnificent structure.
Decoding The Mystery Of Magnets And The Floating Idol
The most well known hypothesis related with Konark temple is its magnets and the floating idol noticeable all around. The uniqueness of the Sun Temple of Konark lies in the way that it was worked with an engineering arrangement of different magnets. During the development of the fundamental pinnacle of the temple the craftsmans put an iron plate between each two stone pieces. There is a lodestone at the highest point of the temple was supposed to be a gigantic 52 ton magnet. As indicated by legend, the sculpture of the Sun God inside the temple was worked of a material with iron substance and was supposed to be floating in air, with no actual help, because of the remarkable courses of action of the top magnet, the base magnet and the strengthened magnets around the temple dividers. The situation of the fundamental temple and the Sun God had been adjusted so that the first ray of the Sun from the coast would cross the Nata Mandir (dancing hall) and would fall and reflect from the precious diamond set at the crown of the Sun God.
Other legends state that, the magnetic effect of the lodestone was so strong that it caused disturbance in the ships compasses those passed by the coast (Konark being a major port at that time), thus making the navigation very difficult for the sailors. To save their trade and their ships, the Portuguese sailors destroyed the temple and took away the lodestone. The removal of the lodestone leads to the collapse of the main temple structure.