The Lycian city is also called city of dead, carved into the hillside of southern Turkey. These are earliest rock cut tombs built during 4th century BCE found in places such as Myra and Amasia.
These tombs are cut directly on to the cliff. There prevailed a believe that a winged creature will carry the dead soul from the cliffed tomb towards a journey of afterlife.
These places of the dead are separated into two principle necropolises involved a combination of house-and temple style burial chambers: the ocean necropolis and the river necropolis. Beautiful as they appear now, unfortunately some of the tombs have lost their elegance through the years. The tombs having been painted splendid shades of red, yellow, blue, and purple in their prime.
Intrestingly the tombs potrays domestic life. They are carved like the façade of Lycian houses buit as storied buildings. Moreover, the tombs usually held more than one body, most probably of relatives. There was a believe that it creates a bondage among the souls even after death.
Another example of Lycian tombs is the sarcophagus. These tombs consist of three parts: a base, a grave-chamber, and a pointed lid. Most amazing fact is, the dead were sometimes buried with their slaves and blood relations. Most Lycian sarcophagi are free-standing tombs exposed to the sky.
The rare form of Lycian tombs is the pillar tomb. These are the oldest or archaic form of Lycian tombs, which represent important dynasts.
Nevertheless, the Lycian tombs represent a great culture of Lycian people.